Listening for detailed information is hard work and rarely practised in the real world outside examination halls, except by university students taking notes in lectures (Nick Kenny, talking to the Cambridge English Language Teachers’ Association in 1999). Language is not so much a means of transmitting information as a means of lubricating (facilitating) the operations … Continue reading The Use of Language
How far would you trust a map-maker who knew hardly any geography? Or a doctor who had no belief in science? Or a journalist who had no interest in history? Or an accountant who was plain bad at maths? Or an entrepreneur who showed no idea of economics? Or an unqualified, untrained, amateur, legal … Continue reading Who can you trust?
We need to breathe. We need to drink. We need to feed. We need to sleep. We need to meet. We need to talk.
Languages are fundamentally sound-systems used for human-to-human communication; they are based on sounds. They begin with noises that are only incidentally communicative (e.g. sighs and yawns). Later, come noises which sound designed to communicate (e.g. laughs, screams, sobs and moans). Finally, there emerge commonly repeated patterns of noises (set phrases). Language (sentences, grammar and writing) … Continue reading Spotting Differences